Properties of Wool
Wool is wonderful! Wool can be used for many things but in the household it is very useful. Cloth nappy covers can be made from wool, it provides the most wonderful antibacterial absorbent cover that air dries in no time at all. Socks that are made from wool are great for people who are prone to sweaty or smelly feet (You might laugh, but it really cures that problem). Pillows made from wool ensure a nice cool night’s sleep while taking the drools away from where you lie. Similarly wool bedding wicks away sweat and moisture when you are sleeping too. Why would you not use wool?
Wool is an insulator
Your body can cool down quickly if you are in a cold environment. Wool has its own internal air pockets inside each of the fibres which warm up and help you keep the heat in to your body and keep you warm. Conversely when you are warm wool wicks your sweat away from your body, it traps the moisture in the wool and acts as a barrier preventing more heat getting to your skin.
Wool is fire resistant
As wool is a natural fibre and it smoulders rather than burns, this is partly because wool always retains a small amount of moisture in it. Fire retardant clothing for fire officers is often made wool based. Wool is preferable all round because when it does burn it does not melt and stick, the burns are less severe than using synthetic fibres.
Wool is durable
If wool is properly cared for then it is very hard wearing. Wool has a tendency to ‘spring back’ so is great for retaining its shape. The natural elasticity allows wool to last seven times longer than cotton, even though its more expensive to begin with its definitely more cost efficient to buy wool garments if you can. Also as wool is resistant to mold and mildew you can keep an item for many years, unlike other fibres which are more susceptible.
Wool is easy to clean
Wool fibres have an outer layer of scales that reduce the ability of dirt and dust to penetrate the fibre. Usually a soaking in soapy water is all that you need to do to clean your wool.
Straight from Wikipedia: Wool is the textile fibre obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, from hide and fur clothing from bison, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids; additionally, the Highland and the Mangalica breeds of cattle and swine, respectively, possess wooly coats. Wool consists of protein together with a few percent lipids. In this regard it is chemically quite distinct from the more dominant textile, cotton, which is mainly cellulose.